Obesidad y enfermedad renal: consecuencias ocultas de la epidemia

Contenido principal del artículo

Csaba P. Kovesdy
Susan Furth
Carmine Zoccali

Resumen

La obesidad se ha convertido en una epidemia mundial, y se ha proyectado que su prevalencia se incrementará en un 40% en la próxima década. Esta creciente prevalencia supone implicaciones tanto para el riesgo de desarrollo de diabetes y enfermedades cardiovasculares como para el desarrollo de Enfermedad Renal Crónica. Un elevado índice de masa corporal es uno de los factores de riesgo más importantes para el desarrollo de Enfermedad Renal Crónica. En individuos afectados por la obesidad, tiene lugar una hiperfiltración compensatoria necesaria para alcanzar la alta demanda metabólica secundaria al aumento del peso corporal. El incremento de la presión intraglomerular puede generar daño renal y elevar el riesgo de desarrollar Enfermedad Renal Crónica a largo plazo. La incidencia de glomerulopatía asociada a obesidad se ha incrementado 10 veces en los últimos años. Así mismo se ha demostrado que la obesidad es un factor de riesgo para el desarrollo de nefrolitiasis y un número de neoplasias, incluyendo cáncer renal. Este año, el Día Mundial del Riñón promueve la educación acerca de las consecuencias nocivas de la obesidad y su asociación con la enfermedad renal, abogando por un estilo de vida saludable y la implementación de políticas públicas de salud que promuevan medidas preventivas alcanzables.

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1.
Kovesdy CP, Furth S, Zoccali C. Obesidad y enfermedad renal: consecuencias ocultas de la epidemia. Rev Nefrol Dial Traspl. [Internet]. 7 de junio de 2017 [citado 3 de marzo de 2021];37(1):1-12. Disponible en: http://www.revistarenal.org.ar/index.php/rndt/article/view/85
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