Glomerulonefritis lúpica y otras glomerulonefritis autoinmunes
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Ruiz-Olivares M, Cañadas-De la Fuente GA, Gómez-Urquiza JL, Fernández Castillo R. Glomerulonefritis lúpica y otras glomerulonefritis autoinmunes. Rev Nefrol Dial Traspl. [Internet]. 1 de diciembre de 2014 [citado 21 de enero de 2022];34(4):230-4. Disponible en: http://www.revistarenal.org.ar/index.php/rndt/article/view/126

Resumen

La glomerulonefritis es un término empleado para expresar la proliferación e inflamación endocapilar del glomérulo renal, que clínicamente puede manifestarse de numerosas formas e incluso permanecer asintomática. En su etiología se encuentran múltiples mecanismos, como la participación de microorganismos y parásitos, aunque es destacable el mecanismo autoinmune en el que se identifican varios componentes del sistema inmune, entre ellos el sistema del complemento. Un ejemplo de este último mecanismo es la glomerulonefritis secundaria al Lupus Eritematoso Sistémico (LES), que ha sido objeto de investigación en los últimos años, y en la que se han hecho importantes avances en cuanto al descubrimiento de nuevas moléculas implicadas en el proceso etiopatogénico. Esto ha conseguido abrir una puerta a nuevas terapias que reduzcan la mortalidad y mejoren la calidad de vida. Se ha revisado la fisiopatología, clínica, diagnóstico, pronóstico y tratamientos, incluyendo los emergentes, en cuanto a glomerulonefritis haciendo hincapié en la glomerulonefritis lúpica y otras glomerulonefritis de mecanismo igualmente.
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